Theoretical study of advanced magnetocaloric materials

Published : 26 March 2019

An external magnetic field affects the entropy of a magnetic system and provokes temperature variations which can be used for magnetic refrigeration. Such an alternative cooling technology is increasingly important nowadays for space telescopes, particle physics experiments and quantum computing. The existing adiabatic demagnetization refrigerators utilize paramagnetic salts, which have limited capacity for temperatures above 1 K. Recently, two new families of magnetocaloric materials suitable for applications in the 1-4 K temperature range have been proposed: geometrically frustrated spin systems and dipolar magnets. We plan to study the magnetocaloric properties of such materials using analytic methods as well as large scale Monte Carlo simulations of realistic spin models appropriate for established, Gd3Ga5O12 and GdLiF4, and for prospective, Yb2Ti2O7 and Yb3Ga5O12, magnetocaloric materials. The theoretical study will benefit from a collaboration with the on-going experimental work at INAC.

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